speed as it approached the Pilbara coast (see track of Bobby based on radar observations). A cyclone struck Cossack at high tide, causing considerable flooding. However, cyclones off the northwest coast do have a preferred movement. Was expected to make landfall however moved parallel to the Pilbara coastline and caused little damage. However, the typhoon continued to grow as it moved over the ocean – eventually reaching sustained wind speeds of 298 km/h. Caused minor damage at the Sandfire Roadhouse. Severe Tropical Cyclone … These reports have mainly been compiled using original material produced soon after the cyclone occurred. By contrast Vance (1999) followed a much steadier course (see comparison tracks of Lena and Vance). These cyclones caused the highest fatalities or most damage to infrastructure in the history of Australia. Destroyed a large portion of the, The earliest recorded landfalling severe tropical cyclone in Western Australia. Storm caused severe damage in and around Broome. Cossack recorded a minimum pressure of 942 hPa. In 1971 the typhoon was the fastest to intensify. Australian region tropical cyclone seasons, Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, List of Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons, List of South-West Indian Ocean cyclones before 1900, "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: December 2001", BoM – Tropical Cyclones affecting Karratha/Dampier, "CBoM – History of Townsville Meteorological Office", "Lives lost during cyclone Sigma on Australia Day in 1896", "Cyclone Marcia to bring high winds, flooding to southern Queensland", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Australian_region_cyclones_before_1900&oldid=973436113, Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons, Pre-1980 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Its central pressure of 877 hPa was the lowest ever recorded at the time. Considerable damage in and around Marble Bar and Nullagine. Hundreds of those who died were on pearling fleet vessels, while stories suggest another 100 were local Aboriginal people. Even though just one person was killed by Yasi, it was actually more powerful on landfall than Hurricane Katrina, which whacked New Orleans with wind speeds of 280 km/ h in 2005, killing nearly 2,000 people. The next day Joan struck Taiwan with winds of 298 km/ h, and meandered across the Formosa Strait before disintegrating in China. The History of disasters of Australia is an outline of natural disasters in Australia and its territories. However, at the time it was the strongest typhoon recorded, reaching winds of 297 km/hour. Each tropical cyclone year within this basin starts on 1 July and runs throughout the year, encompassing the tropical cyclone season which runs from 1 November and lasts until 30 April each season. A pearling fleet near the. Within this region a tropical disturbance is classified as a tropical cyclone, when it has 10-minute sustained wind speeds of more than 65 km/h (35 mph), that wrap halfway around the low level circulation centre, while a severe tropical cyclone is classified when the maximum 10-minute sustained wind speeds are greater than 120 km/h (75 mph). Typhoon Nora began to develop east of the Philippines on 1 October. This way others can also review the event. PLUS receive two gifts. After the onset of satellite imagery, the Dvorak technique was used to estimate storm's intensities and locations. Super Typhoon Rita developed on 15 October, but only reached Category 5 status eight days later. An abbreviated life cycle of tropical cyclone Paul, April 2000. , On 1 March 1889 flooding was considerable at Cossack where a cyclone coincided with high tide. The Cremorne Hotel in northern Mackay sustained damage, as well as the Methodist church on Gregory Street. Over forty lives were believed to have been lost as twelve luggers and the steamer Anne were destroyed. Igga made landfall as a tropical low near. Christine made landfall in the Pilbara. Scientists discover buried lakes of salty water on the red planet, ‘Expect the unexpected’: Koala rescued after scaling NSW lighthouse, Australian Geographic Society Expeditions, Australian Geographic Nature Photographer of the Year competition, Environmentalists, Conservationists and Scientists. The monthly distribution of tropical cyclones affecting specific locations can be found on Tropical Cyclones affecting WA towns. Read the detailed post cyclone reports for Australian cyclones dating back to 1970. At the start of the cyclone season, the most likely area to be affected by tropical cyclones is the Kimberley and Pilbara coastline. The northwest Australian coastline between Broome and Exmouth is the most cyclone-prone region of the entire Australian coastline, having the highest frequency of coastal crossings as shown below. Cyclone Lua caused severe damage across isolated cattle stations in the Pilbara as a category four. All homes in Marble Bar were damaged and some were destroyed. Cyclone Tracy (1974) Tracy, a category four, struck Darwin in the Northern Territory on Christmas Eve. By subscribing you become an AG Society member, helping us to raise funds for conservation and adventure projects. For cyclones that reach at least severe (category 3 or higher having wind gusts of at least 170 km/h) the life-cycle may be divided into four stages. These events are more than likely not notable. April 25 – May 4, 1969 – Tropical Cyclone Esther. Tracks of cyclones in the Australian region from 1989/90 to 2002/03. Guidelines for Writing Natural Disaster Articles, WikiProject Australian history - Disasters of Australia, Category:Aviation accidents and incidents in Australia, Category:Shipwrecks on the Australian coast, Wikipedia:WikiProject Australia/Assessment, Category:Top-importance Australia articles, Category:High-importance Australia articles, Category:Mid-importance Australia articles, Category:Low-importance Australia articles, List of disasters in Australia by death toll, Events By Category at the Emergency Management Australia - Disasters database, Port Essington, Northern Territory Cyclone of 1839, Roebourne, Western Australia Cyclone of 1872, Off Home Hill, Queensland Shipwreck in Cyclone of 1875, Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia Cyclone of 1875, Cossack, Western Australia Cyclone of 1881, Eighty Mile Beach, Western Australia Cyclone of 1884, Cossack, Western Australia Cyclones of 1894, Darwin, Northern Territory Cyclone of 1897, Townsville and Bowen, Queensland Cyclone of 1903, Broome Region, Western Australia Cyclone of 1908, Onslow, Western Australia Cyclone of 1909, Broome, Western Australia Cyclone of 1910, Coastal North Queensland Cyclone (incl Shipwreck) of 1911, Port Hedland - Broome Region, Western Australia Ship lost in Cyclone of 1912, Mackay, Queensland Cyclone (incl Storm Surge) of 1918, Innisfail-Babinda, Queensland Cyclone (incl Storm Surge) of 1918, North Coast, New South Wales Cyclonic Effects of 1923, Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland/Northern Territory Cyclone (incl Storm Surge & Shipwreck) of 1923, Broome and NW Coast, Western Australia Cyclone of 1935, Darwin, Northern Territory Tropical Cyclone of 1948, Bowen and Region, Queensland Cyclone (incl Storm Surge and Tornadoes) of 1958, Ayr - Home Hill - Bowen, Queensland Cyclone of 1959, Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland Northern Territory Cyclone of 1968, Townsville, Queensland Cyclone (incl Storm Surge & Tornadoes) of 1971, Redcliffe and South Coast, Queensland Cyclone of 1971, Sunshine and Gold Coasts, Queensland Cyclone (inc. Storm Surge) of 1974, Port Hedland, Western Australia Cyclone of 1975, Dampier, Western Australia Cyclone of 1975, Unspecified, Western Australia Cyclone of 1975, Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland/Northern Territory Cyclone (incl Storm Surge) of 1976, Coastal Queensland & New South Wales Cyclone of 1976, South-Western, Western Australia Cyclone of 1978, Central/South-Western, Western Australia Cyclone of 1979, Mackay & Sarina, Queensland Cyclone (incl.